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Hawaiian Cultural Renaissance II
and the Ha'akoa

Hawaiian Cultural Renaissance:  
The late 1960’s and 1970’s marked a time of cultural and political awakening for the people of Hawai‘i.  The desire to learn and do things Hawaiian included, but was not limited to, language, music, traditional navigation and voyaging, hula, political activism, sovereignty, protection of traditional native gathering rights, lua and ha‘akoa.  

Note: There are actually two Cultural Renaissances, the first beginning with King Kamehmeha V and ending with King Kalākaua.  The second peaking during the 1960s and 1970s, however many things began earlier and continue with us today. 

1957    Hawaiian Dictionary by Kawena Pukui and Samuel Elbert

1960s  Surfing is recognized internationally as Hawaii’s sport of kings
60-70s Gabby Pahinui and others help to make traditional Hawaiian music relevant and popular

1961    Hawaiian language offered at Kamehameha Schools for the first time

1964    “On Being Hawaiian” by John Dominis

1964    Establishment of the Merrie Monarch Festival by George Na‘ope
Competition begins in 1971)

1970’s Hawaiian canoe racing explodes throughout the islands

1970s  Kalama Valley demonstrations (early 70’s)

1971   Establishment of the Hawaiian Music Foundation

1972   4-year Hawaiian language program offered at the University of Hawai‘i

1973   Establishment of the Polynesian Voyaging Society

1974   Establishment of the Hawaiian Businessmen’s Association

1974   Teaching of Lua by Charles W. Kenn resulting in the establishment of two
            schools of Lua: Pa Ku‘i-a-Lua and Ku‘i-a-Holo.

1975   Launching of Hōkūle‘a (March 8, 1975)

1976   Establishment of Protect Kaho‘olawe ‘Ohana (PKO)

1976   Hōkūle‘a’s historic voyage to Tahiti

1976   University of Hawai‘i establishes the first B.A. programs for Hawaiian Language
            and Hawaiian Studies.

1976   Establishment of Hale Naua III to perpetuate Hawaiian arts and crafts

1977   ‘Ahahui ‘ōlelo Hawai‘i, is established on Oahu by Dorothy Kahananui

1977   Hui Ho‘oulu ‘ōlelo Hawai‘i is established in Hilo by Edith Kanaka‘ole

1978   Establishment of the Office of Hawaiian Affairs (OHA)
1978   Constitutional Convention recognizing ‘olelo Hawai'i as an official language of the state of
           Hawai‘i along with English.

1978   Na Hoku Hanohano Awards created                                          

                                           Ongoing affects of the Renaissance post 1980s


1984  Initiation of Public Hawaiian Language Immersion pre-schools

1987  Establishment of Ka Lāhui Hawaiʻi 

1994  U.S. Navy transfers title of Kaho‘olawe to the State of Hawai‘i after years of
          advocacy by PKO members and supporters.
2007  The University of Hawai‘i football program incorporates a Maori Haka into its pregame
protocol.  Due to external and internal pressures, the Haka begins to evolve into a more culturally
          competent Hawaiian Ha‘a.

2008  First Haʻakoa Conference presented by the Royal Order of Kamehameha, Māmalahoa at the
          University of Hawaii at Hilo.  

2016  The University of Hawai‘i football program transitions from an initially Maori based Haka to a
          more Hawaiian culturally competent Ha‘a 
2018  Creation of Ha‘akoa Eia Hawai‘i
2018  Website haakoa.com launched
2019  Second Ha
ʻakoa Conference presented by the Royal Order of Kamehameha, Māmalahoa at
          Kamehameha Schools, Ke

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